Lipid profile test, also known as the Lipid Panel, is a complete cholesterol test that determines the amount of good and bad cholesterol present in the body. Cholesterol maintains the health of the cells and is an essential component of the human body. The human body requires cholesterol for survival and proper functioning.
The amount of cholesterol varies as per gender. However, too much cholesterol can be the reason behind health problems like heart problems, stroke, and atherosclerosis.
People having the following symptoms are likely to have the risk of high cholesterol:
- Obesity or over-weight
- Family history of diabetes, heart disease, and cholesterol
- Frequent smoking and consumption of alcohol
- Inactive or unhealthy lifestyle
A lipid panel measures four levels of cholesterol:
-Low-density Lipoprotein or LDL
It is known as “bad cholesterol”, and too much of it in the body brings about risks of heart attack, heart disease, or stroke. The ideal limit of LDL is 70-130 mg/dL.
-High-density Lipoprotein or HDL
It is called “good cholesterol” because of its ability to remove LDL from the blood, thereby decreasing the risk of heart diseases. The ideal limit of HDL is 40-60 mg-dL.
It indicates the total amount of cholesterol present in the human body. Ideally, it should be less than 200 mg/dL. The lower the number, the better.
Unwanted calories are converted into triglycerides by the human body, which is later stored in fat cells. Diabetic people, obese or overweight people, and even people who consume too much alcohol or sweets have a higher level of triglycerides in their bodies.
Two more are Non-HDL-C & TG to HDL ratio.
How the test is performed?
Doctors take a sample of the blood, usually in the morning, after the patient has completed 12 hours of fasting. The fasting helps determine the lipid level in blood accurately.
How to avoid the risks of high cholesterol?
An unhealthy lifestyle is a primary cause behind the presence of a high level of LDL. However, some simple steps are effective in lowering the cholesterol level:
- Maintain a balanced diet, and avoid high-fat foods
- Quit smoking and stop frequent consumption of alcohol
- Include exercise and yoga in the daily routine