Dining out is popular worldwide. Be it a weekend or a thing to celebrate, we all love to dine out with our friends or family now and then. Though the pandemic had put a halt to dining out in most countries, people have started going out for meals.
However, when it comes to research regarding the association of dining out with health outcomes, there has been very little of it. Recently, researchers indicated the fact that eating out frequently might be responsible for the increased risk of death.
How Fast Foods Became Popular?
Recently, the US Department of Agriculture estimated that the total energy intake of Americans from food away from home has doubled from 17 percent in 1977-1978 to 34 percent in 2011-2012. During the same time, a steady increase has been noticed in the growth of the number of restaurants. The restaurant industry sales are forecasted to witness a significant increase soon.
Although some restaurants provide quality foods, most of them, especially the fast-food chains, provide food with quality at par to that from home. These meals are mostly higher in energy density, sodium, fat, and lower in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and protective nutrients like antioxidants and dietary fiber.
A Bit Deep into the Matter
Around 35,084 adults aged 20 years or above participated in the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 1999 – 2014. The researchers have analyzed the data from these surveys and linked them to death records through December 31, 2015. They looked into various things like all-cause mortality, cancer mortality, and cardiovascular mortality.
During the follow-up, a total of 2,781 deaths occurred, which includes 638 deaths from cancer and 511 deaths from cardiovascular disease. After adjusting other life and health factors like age, sex, race, socioeconomic status, and others, the hazard ratio for mortality among people who ate two or more meals per day out of home compared to those who ate one or less meal per week was 1.49 for all-cause mortality, 1.67 for cancer mortality, and 1.18 for cardiovascular mortality.
So, the next time you are going for a slice of pizza or getting your hands on your favorite cheeseburger… think again!!