Mycoplasma Genitalium (MG) is one of the sexually transmitted infections (STI) with several things in common with one of its popular counterparts, chlamydia. It is possible to have MG without knowing it or having any symptoms, and it can affect both men and women. However, MG is treatable with antibiotics.
Unlike chlamydia, only a handful of antibiotics are there to treat MG due to a twist in its cellular structure and the growing threat of antibiotic resistance. Moreover, these antibiotics have some serious side-effects.
MG can affect both men and women. It is passed from one person to another via body fluids during intercourse. The chances of transmission of Mycoplasma Genitalium are higher in penile-vaginal and penile-anal intercourse and lower in oral sex.
Data from the UK and the US shows that around 1-2 percent of the adult population suffer from this STI, making it almost as common as chlamydia, and is equally common in men and women.
The symptoms of MG are often similar to that of chlamydia and include:
- An itch, mild irritation, or burning sensation while urinating.
- A penile discharge, either clear or more like pus.
- A vaginal discharge.
- Bleeding or pain or both during sex.
- Abdominal pain (also a sign of pelvic inflammatory disease).
Therefore, if you are suffering from any of the above symptoms, or any other symptoms similar to that of chlamydia, visit your general physician today. The doctor will take a urine sample for men, a vaginal swab for women, and a rectal swab for others to send them to the laboratory for further testing.
Once diagnosed with Mycoplasma Genitalium, you will be treated with a course of oral antibiotics for two weeks. However, increasing antibiotic resistance might make you need multiple courses of medication for a complete cure. Some of the occasional, yet serious side-effects include rupture of tendons, abnormal heart rhythm, and nerve damage.