Workaholism or risks associated with work addiction is a matter of growing public health concern. Often, it brings upon negative impact on both physical and mental health including anxiety, depression, or sleep disorder.
Who are Workaholics?
People who work seven or more hours per week more than others are termed as workaholics. The potential reasons behind such a situation might be – financial problems, unprecedented pressure by the supervisor or the organization, and even poor marriage. Amidst the pandemic, more people have been victims of workaholism due to the fear of losing their job.
What type of works are there?
- Passive jobs (low job control, low job demands) might satisfy a worker as long as they reach the set goal.
- Low strain jobs come with high job control and low job demands. Workers from this category are not so much at risk of getting mental health problems.
- Active workers have high job demands with high job control. Highly skilled professionals like heads or directors of companies are from this group. Their tasks are very demanding, but with their high levels of decision latitude, they can solve the problems.
- Finally, workers in the ‘Job-strain’ group have high demand with low control. For example, healthcare workers in the emergency departments are in this group as they cannot control the massive workload.
The Vital Factor
Recent research shows that high job demand could be the most vital factor behind the development of work addiction risk. However, the job control level does not play the same role. The frequency of work addiction risk is more common in people belonging to active and high-strain groups than that of passive and low-strain groups.
People with a higher level of work addiction are twice more vulnerable to suffering from depression than others. The same words are applicable to sleep quality. Moreover, women are almost twice more open to the risks of work addiction than men.
According to experts, the problem can be diminished to a great extent if the factor of job demand can be controlled. If every organization takes up the matter seriously, it might be possible to witness a world free from workaholism.